Breast Cancer Chinese Cure 乳癌中医疗法 2011 04 26 draft 14 稿




KWAN Lihuen 關理煊 (LH Kwan 关健)


Master Dr PANG Kon 彭幹[1] said, “No surgery; no chemotherapy, and no radiation treatment.” 

    “How does Chinese traditional medicine cure cancer then?” I asked him forty years ago.

    “I cannot tell you, because you may betray it to the West.[2]  The cure is in the medical classics.  We treat cancer no different from tumours.”

    Master PANG passed away in 1997[3]


A History of Breast Cancer 乳癌医史

Quotes from “A History of Breast Cancer”,          


Historically, the breast carries with it many cultural expectations for women, specifically their nurturing and sexual obligations. Perhaps it is because the breast holds such cultural power that the disease was considered by many to be a taboo subject and many of its sufferers often felt ashamed or embarrassed to openly discuss the disease.

Greece: Breast Cancer as a Systemic Disease

In 460 B.C., Hippocrates, the father of Western Medicine, described breast cancer as a humoral disease. In other words, for Hippocrates, the body consisted of four “humors” (blood, phlegm, yellow bile, and black bile), which mirrored the building blocks of nature (air, fire, earth, and water)–and any imbalance of the system of humors caused sickness or even death. For Hippocrates, cancer was caused by the excess of black bile, or “melonchole.” This logic made sense to Hippocrates because the appearance of an untreated breast tumor would be black and hard, eventually erupting through the skin with black fluids. He named the cancer karkinos, a Greek word for “crab,” because the tumors seemed to have tentacles, like the legs of a crab. Hippocrates considered surgery dangerous because those who had the tumor excised “perish quickly; while those who are not excised lived longer (Olsen 2002).

In A.D. 200, Galen, Hippocrates successor, also describes cancer as excessive “black bile” but, unlike Hippocrates, Galen also realized that some tumors were more dangerous than others. Galen also discusses a wide range of pharmaceutical agents to treat breast cancer, such as opium, castor oil, licorice, sulpher, and a variety of salves, as well as incantations to the gods. For humoral physicians, surgery to remove the tumor or entire breast was not even considered to be an option for a cure since they assumed the cancer would just reappear near the surgical site or somewhere else in the body. For Galen and physicians succeeding him over the next 2,000 years, breast cancer was a systemic disease, which meant it was a disease of the entire body, not just one localized part. The dark bile was believed to course throughout the entire body–so even if a tumor were removed, the bile would still remain in the body, ready to create more tumors.

The Eighteenth Century: Breast Cancer as a Localized Disease and the Rise of Surgery

By 1769, the humoral theory had lost much of its currency. To disprove the humoral theorists, French physician Jean Astruc took a piece of breast cancer tissue along with a slice of beef and burned them both in an oven and chewed them. Both tasted the same, and he concluded the tumor tissue did not contain unusual amounts of bile or acid. With the humoral theory disproved, physicians began to search for a new origin of breast cancer, and many argued that its origin was sexual. Physicians knew of Bernardino Ramazzini’s 1713 hypotheses that the high frequency of breast cancer in nuns was due to lack of sex; according to Ramazzini, without regular sexual activity, reproductive organs, including the breast, started to decay and cancer was the result. Friedrich Hoffman of Prussia posited that women who had regular sex but still developed cancer were practicing “vigorous” sex that could result in lymphatic blockage.

But there were other, nonsexual theories also presented. Giovanni Morgagni blamed curdled milk. Johanes de Gorter in the 1750s claimed that tumors came from pus-filled inflammations in the breast that mixed with blood, lodged in the milk gland, and dried into a tumor. Claude-Nicolas Le Cat from Rouen claimed that depression caused cancer by constricting the blood vessels and trapping coagulated blood. Lorenz Heister placed childless women at high risk, while others blamed a sedentary lifestyle which slackened bodily fluids. Though there was no lack of theories, the cause of breast cancer was still as mysterious to them as it was to the ancients. But unlike the ancients, eighteenth-century physicians gradually became more certain that breast cancer was a localized disease. This had enormous implications, because in contrast to humoral theories which considered mastectomy a tangential treatment due to the systemic nature of cancer, doctors were rapidly becoming skeptical of anything but surgery (Olson 1999).

William Halstead and the Radical Mastectomy Paradigm

By the mid-nineteenth century, most physicians held that because cancer was a localized disease, surgery was the only hope. He knew that cancer was a cellular disease and worried about his own role in spreading it. He argued that lifting away the excised breast with surgeon hands probably scattered tumor cells. This led him to call for a radical mastectomy—removal of the breast, axillary nodes, and both chest muscles in a single en bloc procedure. He would cut widely around the tumor, removing all the tissue in one piece.

During the first four decades of the twentieth century, the radical mastectomy dominated breast cancer treatment. Halstead himself performed hundreds of radical mastectomies and urged that inflicted women should receive a radical mastectomy before the tumor spread to regional lymph nodes. While the radical mastectomy may have extended life slightly and eased the pain of diseased breasts, it was not an unmixed blessing. Some women avoided the surgery because it would leave them wounded and disfigured for the rest of their lives. Women had to deal with a deformed chest wall, hollow voids under the collar bone and the armpit, chronic pain, and lymphedema or swelling in the arm because the removed underarm lymph nodes could no longer process circulatory fluids efficiently. Halstead dismissed these effects as necessary evils; besides, the women’s average age was “nearly fifty-five years [and t]hey are no longer active members of society” (Olson 1999).

Halstead also gave some thought to shoulder amputation. For Halstead and his followers, cutting away more and more tissue was the only way to treat breast cancer. Jerome Urban, the architect of the super-radical mastectomy in 1949, would remove the breast, the axillary nodes, the chest muscles, and internal mammary nodes in a single procedure, often on patients who had tumors less than one centimeter large.

Twentieth-Century Surgeries: Oophorectomy, Adrenalectomy, and Hypophysectomy

In 1895, Scottish surgeon George Beatson discovered that removing the ovaries from one of his patients shrank her breast tumor. This news spread and soon surgeons were performing “prophylactic” oophorectomies, which involved removing both ovaries and performing a radical mastectomy. The operations were debilitating and the results unpredictable since the surgeons had no way of determining which tumors possessed estrogen receptors. Because of this, by 1920 most surgeons employed an oopherectomy only as a last resort. What modern oncologists now know is that some breast tumors have estrogen receptors that feed on estrogen. Removing the ovaries in some cases starved the tumor, at least temporarily. The tumor would always regrow because the body compensated by secreting estrogen-like substances from the adrenal and pituitary glands. In 1952, approximately the same time as Urban’s super-radical mastectomy, Charles Huggins began removing a woman’s adrenal gland (adrenalectomy) in an effort to starve the tumor of estrogen. Rolf Lefft and Herbert Olivecrona began performing hypophysectomies, or the removal of the pituitary gland. Side effects included impaired vision, personality changes, and cognitive difficulties. Even with these extreme surgeries, the tumors still returned to kill.

A New Beginning: Moving Away from the Halstead Mastectomy

The Halstead mastectomy was based on the premise that breast cancer was a localized disease that could be treated by surgically removing the diseased part of the body. George Crile in 1955 began to argue that cancer was not localized but rather is spread throughout the body. Bernard Fisher also revolutionized cancer treatment by revising metastasis theory which, like Hippocrates, argued that cancer cells traveled throughout both the circulatory and lymphatic systems and that surgery could not cure cancer because cancer cells were floating throughout the body in the circularity system. In 1976, Fisher published results indicating that simpler breast-conserving surgery followed by radiation or chemotherapy were just as effective as the radical mastectomy, and usually more so (Hellman 1993). By advocating a more systemic approach to breast cancer, Fisher and Crile directly challenged the surgeon’s role as the primary source of breast cancer treatment. Yet physicians were reluctant to abandon the Halstead mastectomy until the sexual revolution and modern feminism.

With the decline of the Halstead radical mastectomy and a revised theory of metastasis, physicians hypothesized about the origins of breast cancer and, during the 1990s, everything ranging from diet, chemical pollution, race, delay in having children, and breastfeeding was up for debate. Despite this uncertainty, there were still advances. After an in initial increase in breast cancer rates, the number of deaths plateaued in 1995 and then started to decline. By 1995, less than 10 percent of breast cancer-inflicted women had a mastectomy. Improvements in chemotherapy, radiation, hormone treatments (particularly Tamoxifen), mammography, and surgery helped move breast cancer from an urgent disease to a chronic condition. Significantly, scientists isolated the genes that cause breast cancer: BRCA2 and ATM. Today, advances in molecular and genetic sciences are creating novel therapeutic strategies that give both women and men not only hope but also more choices about their bodies.

New Hope for the Twenty-first Century: Changing Public Perception

The ultimate cure for breast cancer remains elusive. The disease is so complex, diverse, and so subtly connected to genetic and environmental variables that finding a cure can often seem remote if not impossible. While a cure has not yet been found, public perception surrounding breast cancer has changed dramatically. Once a disease that women felt ashamed to discuss, breast cancer now has lost much of its stigma, providing the opportunity for politicians and health care officials to acknowledge that economic and political considerations bear on the success of breast cancer treatment as much as advances in medical science.

— Posted February 27, 2008



Hellman, Samuel. 1993. “Dogma and Inquisition in Medicine.” Cancer. 71.1: 2430-2433.

Leopold, Ellen. 1999. A Darker Ribbon: Breast Cancer, Women, and their Doctors in the Twentieth Century. Boston: Beacon Press.

Olson, James. 2002. Bathsheba’s Breast: Women, Cancer, and History. Baltimore: John Hopkins Press.

Hippocratic Humours

     * The 4 humours were blood, yellow bile, black bile, and phlegm.

* The properties of the humours—heat, cold, dryness, moistness.

* Each of the 4 humours was also linked to one of the four elements—air, fire, earth, and water.

  • Each of the humours was identified with a bodily organ: phleym with the brain, blood with the heart, yellow bile with the liver, and black bile with the spleen.[4]



Blood                    heat             air                heart

Yellow bile            cold             fire              liver

Black bile              dryness        earth            spleen

Phlegm                  moisture      water           brain


Wood               liver

Fire                 heart                heat

Earth               spleen

Metal               lungs

Water              kidneys                        cold

The Hippocratics viewed health as a sound balance of the humours.  Imbalance, too much or too little of one or more of them, or an imperfect quality (often described as a corruption) of one of them produced disease. Bloodletting, for example, had a rational basis, since local inflammation, or the fluid of fever, was easily interpreted as evidence that the body had too much blood, and therefore needed aid in ridding itself of it.

‘Self-limited disease’: most disease, treated or untreated, is self-limited.  Treating the symptoms of a cold for example, may make one feel better, but it never really touches the cause, which in due course the body generally deals with. 

Hippocrates taught the doctrine of the healing power of nature: ‘Natural forces are the healers of disease.   As to diseases, make a habit of two things—to help, or at least do no harm.’

Therapy was thus aimed primarily at assisting the patient’s body to do its natural work.[5]

Food therapy

Galen (who followed Hippocrates) tried to relate the properties of foods to the four humours and their various constituent qualities.  Some foods were heating, others cooling, moistening or drying; some thickened the humours, others thinned them, making them easier to excrete and thus acting as a sort of slimming aid.  Galen’s listings and his placing of foods according to their digestibility, strength and suitability for human beings differ little from those of other ancient writers on food. [6]

Indeed, food therapy is abundantly elaborated on in traditional Chinese medicine.  Master Dr PANG Kong said, ”Any food you eat or drink is medicine.”












Master Dr PANG Kon 彭幹[7] said, “No surgery; no chemotherapy, and no radiation treatment.” 

    “How does Chinese traditional medicine cure cancer then?” I asked him forty years ago.

    “I cannot tell you, because you may betray it to the West.[8]  The cure is in the medical classics.  We treat cancer no different from tumours.”

    Master PANG passed away in 1997[9]

Criticism by Dale Beyerstein

“Let me get this straight: He’s saying that he has the cure, but he cannot reveal it because of simpleminded rivalries with western medicine. So he’s content to allow millions of people to die to keep the west from getting an advantage. So either he has the morality of the typical pseudoscientific liar, or worse, he’s plain evil.”白亞士丁批評彭幹醫師説謊或不仁, 癌症療法不傳西方, 任由千萬人死亡.  (31 August 2010.)

    In 2003, a book, “betraying the secret”, in English, was published in the West: Management of Cancer with Chinese Medicine 中醫藥與腫瘤.  LI Peiwen 李沛文et all.  UK: Donica Publishing.

    The Chinese title of the book is Chinese Medicine and Tumours, written and translated by five medical doctors, four of which had been trained and practised in Western science-based medicine.[10] 

    Professor Joseph Agassi 艾格思教授had said to me 49 years ago when I wanted to write a thesis on the philosophy of Chinese traditional medicine: “Unless you are a qualified doctor in Western (science-based) medicine, what you say about the philosophy of Chinese medicine does not carry any weight.”  The authors, and the translators, of Management of Cancer with Chinese Medicine meet Professor Agassi’s requirement.

    Let me quote from the book:

    “Even though the term cancer (ai 癌) cannot be found in the ancient writings on Chinese medicine, there are many other terms that clinically correspond to cancer.

    “… cancer could only be diagnosed in ancient times when it gave rise to a palpable 可以触诊的mass.  If the mass was very small and not palpable, an ancient doctor could not have diagnosed it.  Modern diagnostic techniques allow us to diagnose (and therefore treat “masses” before they are palpable: a small fibroadenoma 纤维腺瘤revealed by mammogram and a small myoma 肌瘤[11] revealed by a CT scan[12] are good examples.

    “Chinese medicine has a great deal to offer in the treatment of cancer in three major ways: it can be used to “attack” the cancer itself, it can be used effectively in conjunction with Western treatments, and it can be used to alleviate the side-effects of chemotherapy and radiotherapy.  Moreover, Chinese medicine sheds light on the etiology 病因 [13] and prevention of cancer, particularly through the practice of Qigong 气功 [14] (energy exercise).”  (Foreword by Giovanni Maciocia.)



    I emigrated to Canada in 1973. 

    Master PANG passed away in 1979 in Hong Kong.

    I did not dare publish an early draft, 300 words, of “Cancer: Chinese Cure” in 2006 for fear of a scandal. 
    My friend Dale Beyerstein, who taught Philosophy at the University of British Columbia and later at Vancouver Community College[15] said, “You must publish it, Kwan, because for his importance, Dr PANG’s view is representative of other TCM practitioners, and this standard TCM view is killing lives.” 
    Professor Joseph Agassi said, “Never mind the scandal, as long as you are fair.”        



    In 2009, PN Chan, former Chief Court Interpreter in Hong Kong, after my time, sent me a YouTube TV interview of a Taiwan surgeon, who had trained and practised science-based medicine in Taiwan, having performed 10,000 brain surgeries, who, when diagnosed with colon cancer, chose not to have surgery, chemotherapy or radiation treatment.  He said he had seen too much suffering of cancer patients in hospitals who had gone through surgery, radiation therapy, and chemotherapy.  He changed his life style and survived well and long, to tell his story.  He ceased being a workaholic for money, quitted excessive meat, fish, and alcohol, and practised something like Qigong (energy exercise), which he now teaches to his (cancer) patients.  Unfortunately, the interview was done in Chinese and you cannot understand it.  (I have lost the link, but if you can understand Chinese, I shall ask PN whether she still has it.)

    Then in December 2009, PN sent me another article on cancer, in English:

Cancer Update from Johns Hopkins


    I read the article.  It struck me as if my Master Dr PANG Kon’s ghost is speaking again: “No surgery, no radiation therapy, and no chemotherapy.”

    As this time it was in English, I sought criticisms on the article, suspecting that it was forwarded by a Chinese student in Hong Kong.  My friends responded:

Criticism by Shirley Ballin


Date: January 2, 2010 8:27:52 PM PST (CA)

Subject: Re: Cancer Chinese Cure?
Scary.  We have too many patients come to us after delaying traditional western treatment to use Chinese herbal medicine and then when it doesn’t work they come pleading to us to save them.  Of course, by then it’s usually too late to receive anything but palliative treatment.  In many cases a person can take Chinese herbal remedies and western treatments concurrently but both practitioners need to be advised.


Criticism by Dr David Klassen


Hi Kwan,

I completely agree with Mr. Dale Beyerstein. This (is) dangerous advice (not using surgery, radiotherapy and/or chemotherapy where indicated) and could result in allowing a curable cancer to become incurable.

The advice that cancer can be treated only by stimulating the immune system is, unfortunately, incorrect and does not work. That does not mean that we should not keep our immune systems as healthy as possible; but once a cancer is established no immune system stimulation, when used alone, will be strong enough to eradicate it.

There are many inaccuracies in the recommendations e.g.: cutting off sugar, milk and meat (not beneficial) or altering the acid/base balance of the body (very difficult to do and dangerous). These recommendations are similar to others proposed by advocates of “unorthodox” cancer therapies (some are listed in point# 14). Many of the recommendations are not harmful but have been demonstrated to be not useful in treating existing cancers. Some of them are under investigation for cancer prevention and have either been shown to be not valuable or are still under investigation.

I hope these comments are helpful,

David Klaassen



Criticism by David Steele, Ph.D.



This is indeed a dangerous article if anyone listens to it. It’ll cause a lot of unnecessary suffering and death. I don’t have time to do a point by point critique but it is full of falsehoods. For example, cancer does not indicate nutritional deficiency. The acidity of water is meaningless. It’s not buffered. Add the slightest bit of acid or base to it and it’s pH will change wildly and instantly. Cancer cells no more have tough protein coatings than do any other cells; cancer does not feed on mucus; cancer cells are highly likely to thrive in an oxygenated environment (not that anything one does via diet or exercise will have much bearing on that); etc., etc., etc. If traditional Chinese medicine routinely cured cancer we’d have no cancer these days. People would have jumped on it long ago, been cured and broadcast the fact far and wide.

All the best,



    Now that I have built up some strong criticisms by my friends trained in science-based medicine or medical biochemistry, I can present the other side of the story.

    First, instead of the traditional Chinese view on cancer as represented by my uncompromising Master Dr PANG Kon, let me now present a modern compromised view of the book Management of Cancer with Chinese Medicine

    The principal author, LI Peiwen, has been Professor and Director of the TCM (traditional Chinese medicine) Oncology Department at the Sino-Japanese Friendship Hospital in Beijing since 1986.   

    The back-cover of the book says:

    “This book is designed for TCM practitioners to consult in their daily practice, working either in an alternative or conventional medicine environment, and can also be referred to by other health professionals to gain a better understanding of the role Chinese medicine can play in treating cancer.”[16]

    “Integration of Chinese medicine in a cancer treatment strategy offers major advantages in dealing with commonly seen complications and in combating the side-effects of treatment my conventional medicine methods such as surgery, radiotherapy and chemotherapy.”[17] 




The view represented by Management of Cancer with Chinese Medicine is a compromised view on the ‘management’ of cancer with traditional Chinese medicine.  The book has carefully chosen the word ‘management’ rather than ‘cure’; and the phrase ‘Chinese Medicine’ rather than ‘traditional Chinese medicine (TCM).’  ‘Chinese Medicine’ in China today freely adopts things from Western science-based medicine.  The principal author, trained in modern science-based medicine, promotes ‘traditional Chinese medicine’ only as a complement to Western science-based medicine, not as an ‘alternative’ to it. 

On the other hand, Master Dr PANG Kon’s view is uncompromising.  To him, traditional Chinese medicine is a better alternative to Western science-based medicine, and science-based medicine is only complementary to traditional Chinese medicine in general, and in the ‘cure’ of cancer in particular. 

Let’s have a quick look at how breast cancer is managed today with Chinese Medicine in China.  The crude text below is copied for your convenience.  The CTM terms are troublesome, which will be my responsibility to later simplify for an average newspaper reader, i.e. a grade 12 graduate, to understand.  Please simply glance through the crude text first in no more than an hour’s time.  My writing will follow.



(Study Notes) from Management of Cancer with Chinese Medicine.  LI Peiwen, CHENG Zhiqiang, and DU Xiuping.  Translated by MAO Shuzhang and BAO Liling.  UK: Donica Publishing Ltd, 2003.) 



Management of Cancer with

 Chinese Medicine





Clinical manifestations 临床徵候


  • The initial symptom or breast cancer is usually a firm painless increasing mass or lump with no clear margin and located in the upper part of the breast; this accounts for 80% of patients presenting with breast cancer.
  • At the initial stage, the lump may be mobile; in the later stages, it will adhere to the chest wall or overlying skin and become fixed.  In advanced cases, swelling or ulceration may develop on the skin.
  • Inverted nipple, nipple erosion or nipple discharge may occur.
  • The breast may lose its normal contour and the overlying skin may develop an orange skin-like appearance (peau d’orange) or become inflamed. 


Etiology and pathology 病因病理


Internal factors 内因

  • The breast is traversed by the Liver channel, whereas the Stomach channel passes through the nipple.  In addition, women rely on the Chong and Ren vessels (任冲二脉) as the Root, which depends on the Essence-Qi (精氣) of the Kidneys.  Deficiency of Vital Qi (Zheng Qi 正气),  internal damage due to the seven emotions, obstruction of Spleen Qi, and Deficiency of the Liver and Kidneys will disturb Qi and Blood (气血) and cause disharmony of the Chong and Ren vessels.  When the functions of the Zang-Fu 脏腑 organs are debilitated and the immune function weakened, Qi and Blood will stagnate, and Phlegm will congeal.  Pathogenic Toxins will eventually accumulate in the network vessels of the breast, resulting in cancer.
  • Prolonged emotional depression may lead to endocrine disturbance, imbalance in the sex hormone level and over-secretion of estrogen.  Persistent stimulation  of estrogen will result in the loss of control of cell division, giving rise to carcinomatous changes.


External factors 外因

·        External pathogenic Wind-Cold can take advantage of Deficiency in the channels to settle and bind with Blood to form lumps.

  • Pathogenic Fire Toxins invade the Zang-Fu organs to cause breast cancer with inflammation, characterized by redness, swelling and pain.
  • Nipple erosion or nipple discharge is due to invasion of pathogenic Damp.



Pattern identification and treatment principles 辨证治则




Main symptoms and signs 主徵

Firm lumps in the breast with distension and pain but without any change in skin color, an impatient or melancholic mood, oppression in the chest and distension in the hypochondrium, irritability, poor appetite, a biter taste in the mouth, dry throat, dizziness, and distension in the breast before menstruation.  The tongue body is dull with a thin yellow coating; the pulse is wiry, or wiry and thready.

Treatment principle 治則

Dredge the Liver and regulate Qi, transform Phlegm and dissipate lumps.

Prescription 處方


Free Wonderer Powder, with modifications

(Ingredients given in full.  See page 436.)


(The purpose or effect of the herbs/ingredients explained in full.  See page 436.)



Main symptoms and signs 主徵

Firm and uneven lumps in the breast and axillae, a sallow yellow facial complexion, mental and physical fatigue, cold hands and feet, oppression in the chest and distension in the stomach, reduced appetite, and loose stools.  The tongue body is pale with teeth marks and a white or white and greasy  coating; the pulse is slippery and thready, or wiry and slippery.

Treatment principle 治則

Fortify the Spleen and transform Phlegm, soften hardness and dissipate lumps.

Prescription 處方


(Ingredients given in full.  See pp. 436-7.)





Main symptoms and signs 主徴

Firm lumps in the breast which are painful on pressure, irregular menstruation, aching and limpness in the lower back and legs, distension in the breast before menstruation, a sensation of heat in the chest, palms and soles, dry eyes and dry mouth.  The tongue body is pale with a thin white coating; the pulse is wiry and thready, or slippery and thready.  This pattern occurs more often where he woman is nulliparous, or has multiple miscarriages, or does not breast-feed the baby. 

Treatment principle 治則

Harmonize the Chong and Ren vessels, enrich the Liver and supplement the Kidneys.

Prescription 處方


Six-Ingredient Rehmannia Decoction, with modifications

(Ingredients given in full, pp. 437-8.)

Explanation 解釋

(Full explanation on page 438.)




Main symptoms and signs 主徴

Firm and immovable lumps in the breast with a sensation of burning heat and pain, the skin above the lump is dull purple with an indistinct border, or there may be an ulcerated swelling like an upside-down flower with oozing of foul-smelling blood or pus; accompanying symptoms include irritability, dry mouth, afternoon fever, shortness of breath, lack of strength, constipation, and reddish urine.  The tongue body is red or dull red with stasis marks and a yellow coating; the pulse is slippery and rapid, or wiry and rapid.

Treatment principle 治則

Clear Heat and relieve Toxicity, transform blood stasis and dissipate lumps.

Prescription 處方


Peach Kernel and Safflower Four Agents Decoction Combined with Honeysuckle and Licorice Decoction, with modifications

(Ingredients given in full on page 438.)

Explanation 解釋

(Explanation of the effects of the herbs, page 438-9.)



Main symptoms and signs 主徴

Late-stage breast cancer (also known in TCM as ru yan (乳岩) or mammary rock), characterized by lumps in the breast which erode and then ulcerate giving off foul-smelling, thin, clear exudate, accompanied by dry and lustreless skin, mental fatigue, emaciation, a pallid facial complexion, dizziness, feeling flustered, shortness of breath, reduced appetite, difficult digestion, profuse sweating, sleeplessness, clear urine, and loose stools.  The tongue body is pale with a yellow, or thick and greasy coating; the pulse is deep, thready and forceless.

Prescription 處方


Decoction for augmenting Qi and Nourishing Yang Qi Combined With Perfect Major Supplementation Decoction, with modifications.

(Ingredients given in full on page 439.)

Explanation 解釋

(Explanation of the effect of each herb, p. 439.)





Integrating Chinese medicine in the overall treatment strategy for breast cancer can obtain very good results by improving the therapeutic effect, raising the quality of life and prolonging the survival period.

    TCM treatment for supporting Vital Qi (Zheng Qi) and dispelling pathogenic factors should be applied throughout the course of treatment with surgery, radiotherapy and chemotherapy.

Surgery and postoperative period 手術期與術後期



  • After surgery for breast cancer, internal treatment with Chinese material medica can help the patient to recover more quickly and also lay the foundation for strengthening the body to cope better with future radiotherapy or chemotherapy. 



Treatment principle 治則

Supplement Qi and nourish the blood, fortify the Spleen and boost the Kidneys.

Prescription ingredients 處方

(Ingredients given in full on page 440.)

  • If the surgical wound does not heal, this is due to depletion and deficiency of Qi and Blood and obstruction of static Blood.


Treatment principle 治則

 Augment Qi and nourish the Blood, invigorate the Blood and free the network vessels.

Prescription ingredients 方藥

(Ingredients given in full, p. 440.)


Accompanying external treatment 外療配合

Apply Sheng Ji San 生肌散 (Powder for Generating Flesh) or Hua Yu Sheng Ji Fen 化瘀生肌散 (Powder for Transforming Blood Stasis and Generating Flesh) to the affected area and hold in place with a gauze dressing.  Change once a day. 


For postoperative swelling in the upper arms, local external treatment can be combined with the internal treatment described above based on pattern identification for postoperative conditions. 

    Three prescriptions can be used depending on the manifestations.  Decoct the ingredients to produce 500-800m. of liquid, which is used first to steam then to soak the affected arm for 30 minutes, once or twice a day.  Alternatively, 50ml of the concentrated concoction can be obtained for application to the affected arm, then covered y gauze and wrapped in plastic film; change the dressing two or three times a day.  

3 Prescriptions 藥方

(Given in full, together with treatment principles and explanations of the effects of the herbs, pp. 440-1.)


For persistent swelling with a normal skin color and which depresses on palpation (pitting edema), prescribe Wu Mi Zhou 五米粥(Five Grains Congee) to take once or twice a day on a long term basis.

(Five ingredients given, p. 441.)

Put the ingredients in a pot with 1000ml of water, bring to the boil and simmer for 40 minutes until  the congee thikens.


Radiotherapy 放療


Breast cancer is relatively sensitive to radio therapy, which can be given before or after surgery or as a palliative treatment for patients who cannot or do not wish to undergo surgery.  However, radiotherapy for breast cancer can cause severe side-effects manifesting as painful local skin, ulceration, swelling and fibrosis, radiation pneumonititis, and radiation damage to the heart. 




Main symptoms and signs 主徵

A sensation of burning heat and pain in the skin, dry mouth with a desire for drinks, irritability due to Heat, reduced food intake, dry stools, and yellow or reddish urine.  The tongue body is red with a scant coating; the pulse is thready and rapid.

Treatment principle 治則

Nourish Yin and generate Body Fluids, clear Heat and relieve Toxicity.

Prescription ingredients 方藥





Main symptoms and signs 主徵

The skin in the affected area is red, swollen, dry, scaly, and itchy; there may also be erosion, exodation, or ulceration with acute pain. 

Treatment principle 治則

Augment Qi and nourish the Blood, draw out Toxins and generate flesh.

Prescription ingredients 方藥

External treatment 外療



Chemotherapy 化療


Breast cancer is a solid tumour and one of most responsive to chemotherapy.  General and local chemotherapy can help to improve the therapeutic effect of surgery and radiotherapy, and conserve as much of the breast as possible.  Chemotherapy for metastatic breast cancer helps to relieve symptoms and improve the quality of life.

    Chemotherapy for breast cancer often causes gastrointestinal reactions characterized by nausea and vomiting and irregular bowel movements, other side-effects include poor appetite, bone marrow suppression, altered liver function, cardiotoxicity, and alopecia. 



Endocrine therapy 内分泌治療


Endocrine therapy with hormone-blocking drugs is a palliative treatment and can have a significant effect in achieving remission of symptoms, prolonging survival time and improving the quality of life for patients at an advanced stage.  However, long-term use of drugs such as…can cause irregular menstruation, nausea and vomiting, and poor appetite.  The treatment of these conditions is discussed in detail in Chapters 4 and 5.

Other therapies 其他治療



*  After surgery, patients should be advised to eat foods for augmenting Qi, supplementing the Blood and regulating the Spleen and Stomach such as Chinese yam powder, spinach, vegetable sponge, seaweed, Chinese dates (Da Zao,  Fructus Ziziphi Jujubae), Ling Zhi Hong Zao Zhou (Glossy Ganoderma and Chinese Date Congee), or Hong Zao Gui Yuan Zhou (Chinese Date and Longan Flesh Congee).

*  During radiotherapy, patients should eat foods for enriching Yin and moistening Dryness such as Xing Ren Shuang (Apricot Kernel Jelly), Xing Ren Mi Nai Shuang (Apricot, Honey and Milk Jelly), Wu Zhi Yin (Five Juice Beverage) and Zhe Ou Zhi Yin (Sugar Cane and Lotus Root Juice).  

*During chemotherapy, patients should regularly eat ganoderma, yellow jelly fungus (Bai Mu Er, Tremella), Chinese olives, oranges, hawthorn fruit, fresh ginger, radish, tomato, and other fresh vegetables and fruit, as well as Yi Mi Zhou (Coix Seed Congee) and Mu Er Nuo  Mi Zhou (Jelly Fungus and Glutinous rice Congee).

*  Patients with breast cancer should avoid stimulating foods such as raw ginger, or ripe pumpkin.

(See also chapter 7, “Food Therapy”, pages 351-408.)


After surgery, patients should start to practice strengthening Qigong in a standing position as early as possible; exercise by slowly raising the hand and arm in an increasing vertical range (see Chapter 6.)[18]

Clinical experience and case histories 臨床經驗與病例病史 

(Of different doctors and theories.)  (Pages 444-447.)





Please notice that the same disease, breast cancer, is diagnosed here as five different types or patterns by TCM ‘pattern identification 辨証’.

     *  Liver depression and Qi stagnation肝郁气滞

  • Phlegm-damp due to spleen deficiency 脾虚痰湿
  • Disharmony of the Chong and Ren vessels 任冲不调
  • Accumulation of stasis and toxins瘀毒垒积.
  • Depletion of Qi and blood 气血虚损

And the treatments are different.  TCM calls this “different treatments for the same disease 同病異治”.


Question:  Does this make sense to science-based medicine?  Are there also different types of breast cancer in science-based medicine?  What different types in science-based medicine do these different TCM types or patterns correspond to?   Does science-based medicine also treat such different types differently?  How differently?   Are there only five types or more?  Are the so-called different types or ‘patterns’ only different stages of breast cancer?  


Problem:  The TCM terms of Liver, Spleen Chong and Ren vessels, Qi and blood, are things completely different from or strange to science-based medicine.  For example, the TCM ‘Liver’ has functions that you cannot find in the science-based anatomical liver, so much so that the TCM Liver is like a ghost or spirit with no anatomical organ, or consists of different anatomical organs.  One wonders what on earth has the liver got to do with breast cancer?   And the spleen! 







Problem 問題


How can traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) help breast cancer patients?  Is traditional Chinese medicine science or nonsens?  Is it reliable?  Can it really help breast cancer patients?  Can it do harm?  Can Western science-based medicine work with traditional Chinese medicine in the treatment and management of breast cancer?  Can TCM really compensate for the shortcomings (side-effects) and faults, if any, of Western science-based medicine?  On its own, can TCM cure cancer?   Has it been able to in the past 3000 years?


Is traditional Chinese medicine science or metaphysical nonsense like astrology or geomancy (fengshui)? 


Chinese traditional medicine, Chinese astrology, and Chinese geomancy: all three have the same theoretical framework of the Theory of Yin-Yang and the Five Elements.  Astrology and geomancy are both unreliable.  Is traditional Chinese medicine also unreliable? 



Science or Nonsense 科學或谬论

Paradox 荒谬 1: “I am lying 我説謊.”  (‘The Liar’s Paradox’)

Paradox 1 gives you a headache, because if is true, then it is false, as it says itself.  This paradox is possible because it says something about itself, called self-reference.  To avoid such paradoxes, Wittgenstein disallows such self-references as illogical nonsense. 

Paradox 荒谬 2.  On one side of an index card is written 一卡两面, 一面说: “The sentence on the reverse side of this card is true 这张卡反面的句子是真的 .”  On the other side of the same card is written 反面句子说 : “The sentence on the revere side of this card is false 这张卡反面的句子是假的.” 

Paradox 2 has two sentences: neither refers to itself.  And you still have a paradox. 

Popper says self-reference need not be nonsense.  Consider this self referring statement:  “This statement, in this study paper, is written by LH Kwan.”  I see nothing wrong with it. 

I assure you that traditional Chinese medicine is full of ‘paradoxes’–giving me headaches studying it and writing this study paper.

Science or Metaphysics 科學或玄學

If you say the universe is infinite, and I say it is finite.  I can never prove you wrong, and you can never prove me wrong either. 

If you say the stars add up to an even number, and I say they add up to a even number, neither you nor I can prove each other wrong.

If I say there is a diamond ten tons heavy in the universe, you can never prove me a liar, because you can never search the whole universe. 

What if Master Dr PANG Kon says there is a cancer cure in the Chinese medical classics? 

My surgeon brother Dr KWAN King-Huen says traditional Chinese medicine is metaphysics.  Chairman Mao made him study traditional Chinese medicine for three months before he graduated from Xiangya Medical College in Hunan Province, Mao’s native place.

Contradictions 矛盾论的荒谬


Example: “All swans are white and there are black swans in Australia.”

Hegel, Marx, and Mao all say contradictions are all right in dialectic.  People’s Republic of China traditional Chinese medicine textbooks still officially say traditional Chinese medicine is ‘dialectic materialism’, i.e. both ‘dialectic’ and ‘materialism’ (No spirit in the body.) 中國大陸中醫課本誤認中醫基礎理論是樸素辯證唯物論, 是唯物論(只有身体, 没有魂魄.). 也是辯證法(容許矛盾). Communist dialectic allows contradictions 共产党辯證法容許矛盾.  They say traditional Chinese medicine is simple (primitive) materialism 说中医是朴素唯物论.

Professor Karl Popper, father of modern scientific method, says, “If you say your contradictions are all right, you shut yourself up from criticisms, i.e. exposure and elimination of your errors.”  以矛盾自豪, 是禁绝批评.  But science is the unending elimination of errors, says Professor Joseph Agassi.  艾格思教授说: 科学就是永无终止的改掉错误: 改错就是科学, 科学就是改错.  Confucius says, “There is no greater good than correcting our mistakes.  孔子也说: 错而能改, 善莫大焉.

Elementary logic tells us contradictions, like the example above, cannot be true.   Any sensible schoolboy will tell you the same.  Professor Karl Popper, has written an article to say the same.[19]

If there are contradictions in a system, like traditional Chinese medicine, something is wrong, or many things are wrong.  

The trouble is that our TCM doctors in mainland China have been brainwashed or forced by MAO Zedong and communism to accept contradictions and think with contradictions. 

I say contradictions will kill traditional Chinese medicine.  By accepting contradictions in theory, diagnosis, treatment, and prognosis, by the same practitioner or different practitioners, errors will not be exposed or eliminated, and that will kill patients.   自我矛盾必毀滅中醫. 理论矛盾, 诊断矛盾, 用药矛盾, 治疗矛盾, 预后矛盾, 一个医生自己矛盾, 几个医生互相矛盾, 错误不明不改, 病人死亡惨重.  

You cannot say all swans are white and black swans are not swans but monsters; nor can you say TCM can cure all cancers except monster cancers.


“The mechanist view of life holds that all phenomena, no matter how complex, are ultimately describable in terms of physical and chemical laws and that no ‘vital force’ distinct from matter and energy is required to explain life.  The human being is a machine –an enormously complex machine, but a machine nevertheless.  ….  But vitalism, the view that some force beyond physics and chemistry is required by living organisms, is not completely dead, nor is it surprising that this viewpoint remains specifically in brain physiology, where scientists are almost entirely lacking in physicochemical hypotheses to explain such phenomena as thought and consciousness.  Most physiologists believe that even this area will ultimately yield to physiochemical analysis, but it would be unscientific, on the basis of present knowledge, to dismiss the problem out of hand.” [20]

    This may be the best expression of materialism in medicine, science-based, on behalf of Maoist theorists.  But this materialism is definitely not traditional Chinese medicine.  TCM’s primal word is Qi, meaning energy and life together as one. 

The Yellow Emperor’s Internal Classic, which is the bible of of traditional Chinese medicine, clearly says “Spirit is one with body 形與神俱.”  It says that the primal ‘substance’ of the universe is Qi (energy), which is both matter and mind.  Professor John Wisdom taught me in 1962 at the London School of Economics that mind and body are like between electricity and magnetism: they can change into each other.  We also say matter and energy can change into each other: E = mcc.  Materialism says only matter exists; mind does not.  The Yellow Emperor clears says that reality is both body and mind.  We must not contaminate TCM with materialism.         

TCM links our emotions with our body organs: liver-anger, heart-joy, spleen-thought, lung-worry, kidney-fear.  Both are real and affect each other. You cannot cure the body neglecting the ‘spirit’, its consciousness in thoughts and feelings.  Neither can you cure breast cancer ignoring the patient’s ‘karma’. 

Peter Ballin on Paradox包寧評荒謬

“In 1980, I delighted in observing a white blackbird, at Alkali Lake.”  “It’s a bigger issue than logic and internal inconsistency. The last credit philosophy course that I took, philosophy of social sciences, examined many hallmark texts such as Bell, Malinowsky, Mead, and others. We shredded them. All had contradictions within them. So what?  The ideas from these authors nonetheless set the tone of study in their disciplines, and essentially formed paradigms. So many belief systems dominate peoples’ minds and actions even though their bases are riddled with inconsistencies or even absurdities.”  (31 August 2010.)

Dr LI Wenpei 李文沛醫生, Director of Vancouver Beijing College of Chinese Medicine: “Scientific method is beyond me.  Traditional Chinese medicine works, with great results. TCM theories also work. 科學方法非我所長, 只知中醫實效豐富.  中醫理論也是實效豐富.” (2 September 2010.)

Dialectic materialism is a mistake.  It has contaminated TCM in mainland China, not in Taiwan or Hong Kong.  In mainland China because it is the official communist dogma that demands conformity to it in science.  It will choke science in China.  The West is not that stupid for such chronic suicide.   

We must expose and eliminate errors in TCM to clear up contradictions and muddles—for the cure of cancer. 

Professor Agassi says, “Science is the elimination of errors.”  

This all said, I shall guess what the cure of cancer is in the Chinese medical classics, if there is at all a cancer cure in these medical classics, as asserted by Master Dr PANG Kon.  If I fail, you can try Master’s PANG’s disciple Dr HO Yu-Ping.

Cancer Chinese Cure Conjecture


Master Dr PANG said, “The cure is in the medical classics.  We treat cancer no different from tumours.” 

He also said, “Tumours are either benign or malignant.  A benign tumour can develop into a malignant tumour.  Cancers are just the terminal stage of tumours.”

That is the cure: cure the tumour before it develops terminally into cancer.  If you are already diagnosed with cancer, hopefully in the early stage, cure it no different from a tumour. 

The treatment of tumours is amply described in the medical classics. 

I asked my teacher Dr Shirley ZHANG (張樹榮醫生) in her Chinese Diagnosis class last week (2 September 2010), when she was teaching Chinese diagnosis by looking at the tongue of the patient: “Presented with ten breast cancer patients, will their tongues show different features and require different treatments?  Will they show any common features and can share the same treatment?”

She answered, “Yes, their tongues will show different features, in terms of Yin-Yang, exterior-interior, cold-hot, and deficiency-excess; and they require different treatments, depending on the stage of their cancer.”

“If they are all at the beginning stage?”  I asked.

She answered, “Then it depends on individual body conditions.”

“And the treatment will be different?” I asked.

She answered, “Yes.” 

“What common features, if any, will they all share?” I asked.

She answered, “All cancers have blood stasis (凡癌都有瘀血) whatever the position, breast or elsewhere.  The patient’s tongue is bluish purple or pale purple (舌青紫或淡紫, 有紫班).  Radiation treatment and chemotherapy patients lose their appetite and their tongues are mostly pale white (淡白).  Treatment is by regulating the Qi (energy or vitality) of the ‘Liver’[21] and vitalizing the blood (调肝气, 活血), to reduce or prevent rotting or migration (预防或减少腐化转移).  To treat, tonify the blood.  For diet therapy, the patient can have “Five-Red Congee 五紅粥 ”, i.e. congee with five red ingredients: red beans, red dates, red-skin peanuts….”

We must first clear up the obscurity of the language, i.e. clarify the terms.  Then we point out and eliminate any errors.  (Science is the elimination of errors: Agassi.)

I have bought ten books in Chinese, recently published in China, on the treatment of cancer by TCM by ‘well-known TCM doctors, ancient and contemporary.’  Do their theories contradict one another, including Dr Shirley ZHANG’s, and do they contradict with science-based medicine?  If they do, there are errors to be pointed out and eliminated, until the best theory so far survives, so as not to do harm to the patient.

Diagnosis by the tongue is only one part of diagnosis by looking, and looking is only one of the four things you do to diagnose: looking, listening (and smelling), asking, and feeling the pulse (and touching).  By all four, you ‘differentiate’ and decide on the ‘pattern/syndrome’ of the disease.  Ten initial stage breast cancer patients can have different syndromes and you treat them with different herbs.  TCM calls this ‘treating the same disease with different treatments 同病异治’.  The same disease of breast cancer can take different forms, and the treatment has to be different.  This, TCM practitioners claim, is different from science-based medical treatment of all breast cancer patients by surgery, radiation therapy, and chemotherapy. 



Back to Hippocrates


Hippocrates taught the doctrine of the healing power of nature: ‘Natural forces are the healers of disease.   As to diseases, make a habit of two things—to help, or at least do no harm.’

Therapy was thus aimed primarily at assisting the patient’s body to do its natural work.[22]

Traditional Chinese medicine tries, without the side effect harms of surgery, chemotherapy, and radiation treatment.  

For Hippocrates, cancer was caused by the excess of black bile, or “melonchole.”

Traditional Chinese medicine today gives five diagnoses of breast cancer.[23] 

1.     Liver depression and qi stagnation

2.     Phlegm-damp due to spleen deficiency 脾虛痰溼

3.     Disharmony of chong and ren vessels

4.     Accumlation of stasis and toxins

5.     Depletion of qi and blood

The phlegm-damp 痰溼 in (2) above in TCM corresponds to Hippocrates’ black bile of the spleen causing breast cancer.  Both Hippocrates and TCM associate black bile or phlegm-damp with the spleen (TCM digestion system).ipppH


Conjecture:  Could it be that breast cancer begins with black bile or phlegm-damp, when it can be cured?  The detection or diagnosis of excessive phlegm-damp due to spleen deficiency is easy in TCM, and possibly so with ‘black bile’ in Hippocrates’ system too.  The treatment is easy in TCM, and possibly so in Hippocrates’ system too.   Could this be the simple cure of breast cancer? 

Question:  Is phlegm the cause of tumours and therefore cancers in traditional Chinese medicine?  Is this the secret of Master Dr PANG Kon?




KWAN Lihuen 關理煊 (LH Kwan 关健)

Canada 2011 04 26

(File: “Breast Cancer: Chinese Cure 乳癌中医疗法.”  2011-04-26 draft 14 稿. 8727 words 字.)

[1]  The Guomintang government held one and only one national examination for practitioners of traditional Chinese medicine before the government was forced by the communists to retreat to Chongqing, Nanking. Dr PANG placed 2nd in this exam, and 1st in the southern provinces.  Dr PANG is a Confusianist scholar, who said he would teach me Chinese Medicine if I would learn the Four Books by heart.  I learned the Four Books, i.e. the philosophy of it, still unable to recite them.  Master PANG’s point is that medicine is a skill, which can do good or harm, depending on whose hands it is in, whereas Confucianism is the Tao, and it can only do good, in whatever hands.  He taught me Confucianism for free, taking me to tea, as Socrates would have done to his students.  I paid for the tea sometimes.  

[2]  As in the case of the herb mahuang 麻黄 for asthma.  Dr Schmidt from Germany came to Hong Kong and learned it.  He never acknowledged it when mahuang drugs were mass-produced for asthma.  This is also dangerous because mahuang is good for only most asthma cases, but the wrong herb for some asthma cases, which are different with traditional Chinese medical diagnosis according to their Eight Attributes in Diagnosis (八纲辩证).       

[3]  Dr PANG is survived by a disciple in traditional Chinese medicine: Dr HO Yu-Ping 何誉丙医师in Hong Kong.

[4] The History of Medicine: a Very Short Introduction.  William Bynum.  Oxford: University Press, 2008, p. 10.

[5]  Ibid, p. 12.                                                                                                                  

[6] Ancient Medicine.  Vivian Nuttton.  London and New York: Routledge, 2004, p. 241.

[7]  The Guomintang government held one and only one national examination for practitioners of traditional Chinese medicine before the government was forced by the communists to retreat to Chongqing, Nanking. Dr PANG placed 2nd in this exam, and 1st in the southern provinces.  Dr PANG is a Confusianist scholar, who said he would teach me Chinese Medicine if I would learn the Four Books by heart.  I learned the Four Books, i.e. the philosophy of it, still unable to recite them.  Master PANG’s point is that medicine is a skill, which can do good or harm, depending on whose hands it is in, whereas Confucianism is the Tao, and it can only do good, in whatever hands.  He taught me Confucianism for free, taking me to tea, as Socrates would have done to his students.  I paid for the tea sometimes.  

[8]  As in the case of the herb mahuang 麻黄 for asthma.  Dr Schmidt from Germany came to Hong Kong and learned it.  He never acknowledged it when mahuang drugs were mass-produced for asthma.  This is also dangerous because mahuang is good for only most asthma cases, but the wrong herb for some asthma cases, which are different with traditional Chinese medical diagnosis according to their Eight Attributes in Diagnosis (八纲辩证).       

[9]  Dr PANG is survived by a disciple in traditional Chinese medicine: Dr HO Yu-Ping 何誉丙医师in Hong Kong.

[10]  Authors

Professor LI Peiwen graduated in 1967 from Beijing University of Medicine with a Bachelor of Medicine degree.  Since 1984, Professor LI has been Chief Doctor and Director of the TCM (traditional Chinese medicine) Oncology Department of the Sino-Japanese Friendship Hospital, Beijing and a supervisor of Ph.D. students.  He is Vice-Chairman of the Chinese Association of Ontology in Integrated Chinese and Western Medicine.  Professor LI has accumulated 35 years of clinical and research experience in the application of integrated Chinese and Western medicine in the prevention and treatment of cancer and the side effects caused by chemotherapy and radiotherapy. 

CHENG Zhiqiang graduatedin 1995 from Beijing University of Traditional Chinese Medicine with a Bachelor of Medicine degree.

DU Xiuping graduated in 1982 from Yangzhou University of Medicine with a Bachelor of Medicine degree.  From 1982 to 1987, he worked as an internal medicine doctor in the Hospital Affiliated to Jiangsu Salt Company.  He graduated


MAO Shuzhang, now retired, graduated from Tongji Medical University, Hebei and was Professor of Microbiology at Peking Union Hospital.

BAO Liling, also now retired, graduated from Peking Union Medical College in 1955.  She was Professor and Chief Doctor of the Ophthalmology of Peking Union Hospital and Shanxi Medical University.

Subject editor


Trina Ward graduated with a background in anthropology, started studying Chinese medicine in Australia in 1988 and graduated in 1992 after completing an internship at the Shu Guang Hospital in Shanghai and studying Chinese at Feng Chia University, Taiwan.  In 2002, she completed an Mphil at Exeter University on safety aspects of Chionese herbal medicine.  Practising in London alongside Western doctors, she is keen to promote the integration of Chinese medicine with Western medicine. 


UK: Donica Publishing Ltd, 2003.

[11]  Myoma.  A tumour formed of muscular tissue.  (Dorland’s Pocket Medical Dictionary,  Philadelphia: W. B. Saunders, 1982.

[12]  CT = computed tomography.  Tomography = any imaging method that produces images of cross-sections of the body. 

[15]  Vancouver Community College, Langara Campus, had a study programme on traditional Chinese medicine.  Dale Byerstein is a sceptic.  He personally tested traditional Chinese medicine.   He went to Chinatown and consulted three practitioners of CTM.  They gave him three different diagnoses and different prescriptions.  Yet none of them could tell he was diabetic.  Langara College discontinued the CTM programme.  

[16]  Back cover of the book. 

[17]  Ibid. 

[18]  See also a simple and excellent explanation of the theory of Qigong therapy in Alternative Medicine Definitive Guide to CANCER.  W. John Diamond, M.D. and W. Lee Cowden, M. D. with Burton Goldberg.  Tiburon, California: Future Medicine Publishing, Inc., 1997.  Chapter 33: Physical Support Therapies for Reversing Cancer: Qigong, pp. 1005-1025.

[19]  “What is Dialectic 什么是辯證法?”  Conjectures and Refutations.  London: Routledge and Kegan Paul, 1963, chapter 15, pp. 312-335.

[20] Human Physiology: he Mechanisms of Body Function.  Arthur J. Wander et al.  New York: McGraw Hill, 1990.  (First paragraph of Preface, Introduction, or Chapter 1.)

[21]  TCM ‘Liver’ is a ‘ghost’ liver completely different from science-based anatomical liver.  Understand it as a system of organs and functions that “smooth the flow of Qi” For example, the anatomical liver has nothing to do with the thyroid, but TCM says hyperthyroidism 甲亢is due to ‘Liver depression 肝郁.’  I am also writing a paper on “Liver Science and Nonsense.”      

[22]  Ibid, p. 12.                                                                                                                 

[23]  Management of Cancer with Chinese Medicine.  LI Peiwen, CHENG Zhiqiang, and DU Xiuping.  Translated by MAO Shuzhang and BAO Liling.  UK: Donica Publishing Ltd, 2003, pp. 436-439..) 


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One Response to “Breast Cancer Chinese Cure 乳癌中医疗法 2011 04 26 draft 14 稿”

  1. Says:

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